Study of the effect introduced by an integrating sphere on the temporal profile characterization of short laser pulses propagating through a turbid medium

Morales-Cruzado Beatriz, Pérez Gutiérrez Francisco G, De Lange Dirk Frederik and Romero-Méndez Ricardo
Applied Optics, Vol. 54 (9), pp. 2383-2390, 2015.


When a nanosecond laser pulse is transmitted through a highly scattering material, its irradiance decreases as it propagates; this is because of the spatial and temporal pulse profile stretching owing to multiple scattering events. Although the effect of temporal distortion is much less significant tan that of the spatial distortion for applications where the laser beam is focused on a subsurface target (writing of waveguides, for example), it becomes significant for applications where the laser pulse must attain certain temporal width after the beam propagated is collimated through a turbid medium (photoacoustic tomography, for example). The objective of this work is to determine the transfer function associated to an integrating sphere measurement of the temporal intensity profile involving turbid media samples. The transfer function is found to be related to the geometrical characteristics of the integrating sphere and the optical properties of the turbid media. This procedure opens a new possibility for optical property characterization and enables the use of an integrating sphere for time-dependent intensity measurements.