Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Analysis of 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole (2MBI) as Corrosion Inhibitor in HCl 1M

A. Espinoza V., G. Negrón, M. E. Palomar-Pardavé, M. A. Romero-Romo, I. Rodríguez, H. Herrera-Hernández
ECS Transactions, 20 (1) 543-553 (2009), 2009.


This work presents the results concerning the effect of different concentrations of an organic heterocyclic compound that displays corrosion inhibiting properties, known as 2- mercaptobenzimidazole,2MBI, in a system comprising samples of the steel type API 5L X52 exposed to HCl 1M. The impedance spectra revealed that there was a continuous increase of |Z| as a function of increasing inhibitor concentrations in the electrolyte. A 200 ppm 2MBI was tested also,however, the greatest corrosion inhibiting efficiency was attained 99%, IE, with much smaller oncentrations of the compound. This is sufficient reason to consider it a good corrosion inhibitor in HCl, just as it was effective for H2SO4. Furthermore, the nhibition kinetics study undertaken indicated that the 2MBI added in a fairly large concentration of 200 ppm in 1M HCl maintains its effectivity up to 32 immersion days. Also, it was observed that the corrosion potential, Ecorr, became more negative as the 2MBI organic molecules concentration increased in the system, which suggests that this inhibitor may be acting on the cathodic and anodic sites, thus being considered a mixed type inhibitor, in agreement with the corrosion mixed potential theory.