A new collector for rare earth mineral flotation

Ren, J., Lu, S., Song, S., Niu, J.,
Minerals Engineering, volume 10, page 1395-1404, 1997.


A new collectorfor bastnaesite flotation - modified hydroxamic acid (MOHA) has been developed through several years laboratory research. The experimental results of flotation of pure bastnaesite mineral and rare earth ores, and the application experience in flotation plants showed that MOHA is an efficient collector for bastnaesite flotation. MOHA has stronger collector ability and higher selectivity compared to the other commonly used collectors. Through the measurements of zeta-potential, adsorption and infrared adsorption spectrum and in terms of the electronegativity theory of reagent groups, the flotation mechanism has been discussed. It was concluded that the adsorption of MOHA on bastnaesite surfaces is chemical adsorption in nature through three oxygen atoms in the polar group of MOHA chelating the surface Ce(lll) of bastnaesite to form a pentagon-cycle chelate: O-C--N-O-Ce(III)-O. Additionally, the chemisorption is accompanied with the multilayer and non-homogeneous physical adsorption of the MOHA molecules, The MOHA adsorption equation at the surfaces of bastnaesite can be expressed as: I" = 6.76x10-2C I/1.02, while the adsorption rate constant k is: k = 2.64x105 min-lmol-1m 2.